Robert is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the University of Washington, where he served as department chair for eight years. He also directed the UW Graduate School’s Graduate Opportunities and Minority Achievement Program. His research and teaching focused on criminology, and a number of his studies were of Seattle neighborhoods. In 2014, his book Get a Job: Labor Markets, Economic Opportunity, and Crime was published by New York University Press. In the book, he analyzed how employment disadvantage and economic inequality lead to individual crime and delinquency, and neighborhood crime rates. He earned a B.A. from Thiel College in Greenville PA and an M.A. and Ph.D. from Vanderbilt University.